Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Resources

The focus of this bibliography is adelgid/hosts interactions

2017Brantley S.T., A. E. Mayfield III, R. M. Jetton , C. F. Miniat, D. R. Zietlow, C. L. Brown, J. R. Rhea. 2017. Elevated light levels reduce hemlock woolly adelgid infestation and
improve carbon balance of infested eastern hemlock seedlings. Forest Ecology and Management 385 (2017) 150–160.
2016Jones, A. C. , D. E. Mullins, C. Brewster, J. P. Rhea, S. M. Salom. 2016. Fitness and physiology of Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) in relation to the health of the eastern hemlock. Insect Science 23: 843-853.
2016Kantola, T., P. Lyytikäinen-Saarenmaa, R.N. Coulson, M. Holopainen, M.D. Tchakerian, and D.A. Streett. 2016. Development of monitoring methods for hemlock woolly adelgid induced tree mortality within a Southern Appalachian landscape with inhibited access. iForest-Biogeosciences and Forestry, 366.
2015Morin, R.S. and A.M. Liebhold. 2015. Invasions by two non-native insects alter regional forest species composition and successional trajectories. Forest Ecology and Management 341: 67-74.
2015Brown, M.J. and J.T. Vogt. 2015. North Carolina’s Forests, 2013. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station Resource Bulletin SRS-205. Asheville, NC. 92 p.Publication
2014Abella, S.R. 2014. Impacts and management of hemlock woolly adelgid in national parks of the eastern United States. Southeastern Naturalist 13: 16-45.
2014Evans, T.D. 2014. GRSM all hemlock forest types. Geospatial Dataset-2203162. Available online at https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2203162. Accessed 11 March 2014.
2014Havill, N.P., L.C. Vieira, and S.M. Salom. 2014. Biology and control of hemlock woolly adelgid. Technology Transfer FHTET-2014-05. Washington, DC. 32 p.
2014Kantola, T., P. Lyytikäinen-Saarenmaa, R.N. Coulson, S. Strauch, M.D. Tchakerian, M. Holopainen, H. Saarenmaa, and D.A. Streett. 2014. Spatial distribution of hemlock woolly adelgid induced hemlock mortality in the Southern Appalachians. Open Journal of Forestry 4: 492.
2014Oten, K.L.F., A.C. Cohen, and F.P. Hain. 2014. Stylet bundle morphology and trophically related enzymes of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107(3):680–690.
2014Oten,K. L. F., S. A. Merkle, R. M. Jetton, B. C. Smith, M. E. Talley, and F. P. Hain. 2014. Understanding and Developing Resistance in Hemlocks to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Forest Impacts and Ecosystem Effects of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern US Southeastern Naturalist 13(Special Issue 6):147–167.
2013Domec, J.C., L.N. Rivera, J.S. King, I. Peszlen, F. Hain, B. Smith, and J. Frampton. 2013.
Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) infestation affects water and carbon relations
of Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) and Carolina Hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana).
New Phytologist 199(2):452–463.
2013Jetton, R.M., W.A. Whittier, W.S. Dvorak, and J.R. Rhea. 2013. Conserved ex situ genetic resources of Eastern and Carolina Hemlock: Eastern North American conifers threatened by the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Tree Planters’ Notes 56(2):59–71.
2013Trotter, R.T. III, R.S. Morin, S.N. Oswalt, and A. Liebhold. 2013. Changes in the regional abundance of hemlock associated with the invasion of hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand). Biological Invasions 15: 2667-2679.
2013Vose, J.M., D.N. Wear, A.E. Mayfield, and C.D. Nelson. 2013. Hemlock woolly adelgid in the southern Appalachians: control strategies, ecological impacts, and potential management responses. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 209-219.
2009Ingwell, L., J. Brady, M. Fitzpatrick, B. Maynard, R. Casagrande, and E. Preisser. 2009. Intraspecific variation in Tsuga canagensis foliar chemistry. Northeastern Nat. 16: 585-594.
2012Gonda-King, L., L. Radville, and E.L. Preisser. 2012. False-ring formation in Eastern Hemlock branches: Impacts of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid and Elongate Hemlock Scale. Environmental Entomology 41(3):523–531.
2012Oten, K.L.F., G.R. Bauchan, J. Frampton, and F.P. Hain. 2012. Biophysical characteristics of the stem and petiole surface of six hemlock (Tsuga) species and a hybrid: Implications for resistance to Adelges tsugae. Botany 90:1170–1178.
2012Potter, K.M., R.M. Jetton, W.S. Dvorak, V.D. Hipkins, R. Rhea, and W.A. Whittier. 2012. Widespread inbreeding and unexpected geographic patterns of genetic variation in Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), an imperiled North American conifer. Conservation Genetics 13(2):475–498.
2011Ingwell, L.L., and E.L. Preisser. 2011. Using citizen-science programs to identify host resistance in pest-invaded forests. Conservation Biology 25(1):182–188.
2011Oten, K.L.F. 2011. Host-plant selection by the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges tsugae Annand: Sensory systems and feeding behavior in relation to physical and chemical host-plant characteristics. Ph.D. Dissertation. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. 284 pp.
2011Radville, L., A. Chaves, and E.L. Preisser. 2011. Variation in plant defense against invasive herbivores: Evidence for a hypersensitive response in Eastern Hemlocks (Tsuga canadensis). Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:592–597.
2010Montello, P.M., D.G. Beleski, H.M. Smith, and S.A. Merkle. 2010. Somatic embryogenesis in Eastern and Carolina Hemlocks. P. 114, In A. Brunner (Ed.) Proceedings of the 30th Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference, 30 May–3 June 2009, Blacksburg, VA.
2009Hoover, B., R. Bates, J. Sellmer, and G. Hoover. 2009. Challenging Chinese Hemlock (Tsuga chinensis) with Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) ovisacs. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 35:1–4.
2009Kaur, N. 2009. Developing artificial rearing techniques for Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges tsugae and Balsam Woolly Adelgid, Adelges piceae: Artificial infestation and epicuticular wax study of Carolina Hemlock, Tsuga caroliniana, provenances. M.Sc. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. 129 pp.
2009Montgomery , M.E., S.E. Bentz, and R.T. Olsen. 2009. Evaluation of hemlock (Tsuga) species and hybrids for resistance to Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) using artificial infestation. J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 1247-1254.
2009Nuckolls, A.E., N. Wurzburger, C.R. Ford, R.L. Hendrick, J.M. Vost, and B.D. Kloeppel. 2009. Hemlock declines rapidly with hemlock woolly adelgid infestation: impacts on the carbon cycle of southern Appalachian forests. Ecosystems 12: 179-190.
2009Rentch, J., M.A. Fajvan, R.A. Evans, and B. Onken. 2009. Using dendrochronology to model hemlock woolly adelgid effects on eastern hemlock growth and vulnerability. Biological Invasions 11: 551-563.
2009Walker-Lane, L.N. 2009. The effect of hemlock woolly adelgid infestation on water relations of Carolina and eastern hemlock. M.S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
2009Weston, P., and R. Harper. 2009. Potential of Tsuga spp. from western North America and Asia as replacements for Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis). Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 35:5–9.
2008Havill, N.P., C.S. Campbell, T.F. Vining, B. LePage, R.J. Bayer, and M.J. Donoghue. 2008. Phylogeny and Biogeography of Tsuga (Pinaceae) Inferred from Nuclear Ribosomal ITS and Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data. Sys. Botany 33: 478-489.
2008Potter, K.M., W.S. Dvorak, B.S. Crane, V.D. Hipkins, R.M. Jetton, W.A. Whittier, and R. Rhea. 2008. Allozyme variation and recent evolutionary history of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) in the southeastern United States. New Forests 35: 131-145.
2008Jetton, R.M., W.S. Dvorak, and W.A. Whittier. 2008. Ecological and genetic factors that define the natural distribution of Carolina hemlock in the southeastern United States and their role in ex site conservation. Forest Ecology and Management. 255: 3212-3221.
2008Jetton, R.M., F.P. Hain, W.S. Dvorak, and J. Frampton. 2008. Infestation rate of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) among three North American hemlock (Tsuga) species following artificial inoculation. J. Entomol. Sci. 43: 438-442.
2008Jetton, R.M. 2008. Biological control, host resistance, and vegetative propagation: strategies and tools for management of the invasive hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae Ann and. Ph.D. Dissertation, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
2008Kaur, N. 2008. Developing Artificial Rearing Techniques for Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges tsugae and Balsam Woolly Adelgid, Adelges piceae; Artificial Infestation and Epicuticular Wax Study of Carolina Hemlock, Tsuga caroliniana, Provenances. M.S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
2008Caswell, T., R. Casagrande, B. Maynard, and E. Preisser.Production and evaluation of eastern hemlocks potentially resistant to the hemlock woolly adelgid. Pp. 124-134. In B. Onken, and R. C. Reardon [eds.], Proceedings of the fourth symposium on hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States; 2008 February 12-14; Hartford, CT. FHTET 2008-01. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
2008Montello, P.M., H.M. Smith, and S.A. Merkle. 2008. Using biotechnology to conserve Eastern and Carolina Hemlock germplasm. Pp. 130, In T.D. Byram and M.L. Rust (Eds.). Proceedings of the 2007 Joint Meeting of the Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference and the Western Forest Genetics Association, 19–22 June 2007, Galveston, TX.
2008Montgomery, M.E., and A.F. Lagalante. 2008. The role of volatile terpenoids in the relationship of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid and its host plants. Pp. 118-123, In B. Onken, and R. C. Reardon [eds.], Proceedings of the fourth symposium on hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States; 2008 February 12-14; Hartford, CT. FHTET 2008-01. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
2007Bentz, S.E., R.J. Griesbach, M.R. Pooler, and A.M. Townsend. 2007. Tsuga chinensis as a
source of host resistance to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Pp. 24–25, In K.W. Gottschalk
(Ed.). Proceedings: 17th US Department of Agriculture Interagency Research Forum on
Gypsy Moth and other Invasive Species, General Technical Report NRS-P-10. US Department
of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Newtown Square, PA.
2007Davis, D. D., M.S. Fromm, and M.D. Davis. 2007. Impact of the hemlock woolly adelgid on radial growth of eastern hemlock in Pennsylvania. Pp. 157 – 162 in e-GTR SRS 101 Proceedings of the 15th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.
2007Lagalante, A.F., M.E. Montgomery, F.C. Calvosa, and M.N. Mirzabeigi. 2007. Characterization of terpenoid volatiles from cultivars of eastern hemlock. J. Agric. Food Chem.: 10850-10856.
2006Eschtruth, A.K., N.L. Cleavitt, J.J. Battles, R.A. Evans, and T.J. Fahey. 2006. Vegetation dynamics in declining eastern hemlock stands: 9 years of forest response to hemlock woolly adelgid infestation.
2006Pontius, J.A., R.A. Hallett, and J.C. Jenkins. 2006. Foliar chemistry linked to infestation and susceptibility to hemlock woolly adelgid (Homoptera: Adelgidae). Environ. Entomol. 35: 112-120.
2006Havill, N.P., M.E. Montgomery, G. Yu, S. Shiyake, and A. Caccone. 2006. Mitochondrial DNA from hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) suggests cryptic speciation and pinpoints the source of the introduction to eastern North America. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 99: 195-203.
2006Lagalante, A.F., N. Lewis, M.E. Montgomery, K.S. Shields. 2006. Temporal and spatial variation of terpenoids in eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) in relation to feeding by Adelges tsugae. J. Chem. Ecol. 32: 2389-2403.
2006Lovett, G.M., C.D. Canham, M.A. Arthur, K.C. Weathers, and R.D. Fitzhugh. 2006. Forest ecosystem responses to exotic pests and pathogens in eastern North America. Bioscience 56: 395-405.
2005Jetton, R.M., J. Frampton, and F.P. Hain. 2005. Vegetative propagation of mature eastern and Carolina hemlocks by rooted softwood cuttings. HortScience 40: 1469-1473.
2005Small, M.J., C.J. Small, and G.D. Dreyer. 2005. Changes in a hemlock-dominated forest following woolly adelgid infestation in southern New England 1. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 458-470.
2004Del Tredici, P., and A. Kitajima. 2004. Introduction and cultivation of Chinese Hemlock
(Tsuga chinensis) and its resistance to Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae). Journal
of Arboriculture 30:282–287.
2003Broeckling, C.D., and S.M. Salom. 2003. Volatile emission of Eastern Hemlock, Tsuga
canadensis, and the influence of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Phytochemistry 62:175–180.
2003Lagalante, A.F., and M.E. Montgomery. 2003. Analysis of terpenoids from hemlock (Tsuga) species by solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography/ion-trap mass spectrometry. J. Agric. Food Chem. 51: 2115-2120.
2002Bentz, S.E., L.G.H. Riedel, M.R. Pooler, and A.M. Townsend. 2002. Hybridization and selfcompatibility
in controlled pollinations of eastern North American and Asian hemlock
(Tsuga) species. Journal of Arboriculture 28:200–205.
2002Orwig, D.A., D.R. Foster, and D.L. Mausel. 2002. Landscape patterns of hemlock decline in New England due to the introduced hemlock woolly adelgid. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1475-1487.
2002Pontius, J., R. Hallett, and M. Martin. 2002. Examining the role of foliar chemistry in hemlock woolly adelgid infestation and hemlock decline. Pp. 86-99, In R. Reardon, B. Onken, and J. Lashomb (Eds.). Symposium on the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in Eastern North America. US Forest Service, New Brunswick, NJ.
2002Pooler, M.R., L.G.H. Riedel, S.E. Bentz, and A.M. Townsend. 2002. Molecular markers used to verify interspecific hybridizations between hemlock (Tsuga) species. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 127(4):623–627.
2002Young, J.A., and D.D. Morton. 2002. Modeling landscape-level impacts of HWA in Shenandoah National Park. In Proceedings, hemlock woolly adelgid in the Eastern United States symposium, East Brunswick, NJ.
2000Royle, D., and R. Lathrop. 2000. The effects of site factors on the rate of hemlock decline: a case study in New Jersey, p. 3 In: Proceedings, Symposium on Sustainable Management of Hemlock Ecosystems in Eastern North America. General Technical Report NE-267. 109 p.
1998Orwig, D.A., and D.R. Foster. 1998. Forest response to the introduced hemlock woolly adelgid in southern New England, USA. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 125: 60-73.
1995Young, R.F., K.S. Shields, and G.P. Berlyn. 1995. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Homoptera: Adelgidae): Stylet bundle insertion and feeding sites. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88:827–835.
1991McClure, M.S. 1991. Density-dependent feedback and population cycles in Adelges tsugae (Homoptera: Adelgidae) on Tsuga canadensis. Environmental Entomology 20: 258-264.