Humans are largely responsible for increasing the range and distribution of pest species. As people continue to change the landscape by converting forest land for development, agriculture, and other uses, scientists are trying to understand the effect that such fragmentation will have on forest ecosystems, including their susceptibility to invasive pests. Read more: https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/compass/2019/07/11/effects-of-forest-fragmentation-and-restoration-on-invasive-species/